"Everything is determined by context. All
messages in the real world that really are messages happen within a
context. The context may be evolutionary, chemical, biological,
neurological, linguistic, or technological, but it transforms the
question of information content beyond measure." Jack Cohen and Ian Stewart, The Collapse of Chaos.
Constructivism is Only a Construct
Extended quotations about Experiential Constructivism from Fritjof Capra, John Grinder & Richard Bandler, and George Lakoff & Mark Johnson. Plus recommended reading.
Metonymy & Part-Whole Relationships
As a doctor who worked in general practice I was only too aware of the difficulties of communication where doctor and patient each had their own way of perceiving. This article considers 'who' is doing the perceiving, 'how' they are doing it, and the implications for facilitators and their clients.
Apart from metaphor, there is another, less well known process that seems to be equally fundamental to language and cognition — metonymy.
Metonymy enables us to use one part or aspect of an experience to stand
for some other part (or the whole) of that experience. Unlike metaphor
which involves two domains of experience, metonymy only requires one.
Space is not 'nothing'. It may be no 'thing', but that is not the same as 'nothing'. It is probably the most overlooked aspect of cognition. Just as the goldfish in its bowl does not include the no-thingness of its water (or rather, the clarity of its water) in its cognition of things, so we tend to disregard the space within which our cognitive processes function. I say within which our cognitive processes function, because the evidence is that we do not think within our heads, but within our perceptual space. The totality of human subjective experience would seem to be an intimate interaction between the body , the Perceptual Space and its Generative Source (not considered within the scope of this article).