David has since developed his work through Clean Space (moving clients on by literally moving them around in space) and Clean Worlds (which explores the boundaries between spaces). His newest concepts revolve around the concepts of 'emergent knowledge' and 'six degrees of separation'.
The key to the linkages are the weak ties between the logical steps that one would normally take to find an answer. The weak ties are like short cuts to
the solution. For example if there are 50 points on a circle, you would imagine you have to go through each point to complete the circuit, but if there are a number of weak links in the circle where one vaguely knows another, then all of a sudden you can jump to a place where you only have two more points to reach the end instead of 40. This type of network is created by weak links such as some offhand or obscure remark which, if picked up on, can take a client to the 'sweet spot' of a new perspective and a solution which might not appear if the most obvious line of enquiry were followed. The key is for the facilitator to use simple iterations over and over again in order to guide the process until a network solution occurs.
To A: 'Are you in the right space with respect to where B is?'
To B: 'Is B in the right space?'
To C: 'Is that the right amount of space between you (ie A) and B?'
Note that addressing the questions 'to B' or to another space means that questions addressed to A, the client, are directed towards the knowledge that the client can access from spaces B and C.
The key to running this process effectively is for the facilitator to focus on asking questions of the spaces of B or C etc, through the client, rather than of the client per se.
To A: 'What kind of you are you in that space ... there?'('...' represents a pause between each word).
A answers(Note: Do not address any questions to the content as none of what A knows at this point, in this space, is emergent knowledge).
To A: 'And what do you know from that space ... there?'
To A:' And is there anything else that you know from that space ... there?'
To B: 'And what kind of statement, object, goal, problem etc could that be?'(Proceed with the next questions using that name)
To B: 'And by what name would the object or statement at B like to be called?'
To B: 'And what does that [name] know from that space ... there?'(The answer must come from the space of B, not from A's interpretation of B, otherwise the knowledge will not be emergent. B's answer should also surprise A.)
To B: 'And is there anything else that [name] knows from that space ... there?'Questions to C:
To C: 'And what kind of space is the space between you and B?'Persist until there is a suitable name to call the space. Then proceed with the next questions.
To C: 'And is there anything else about that space?'
To C:' And what does the [name of the space of C] know?'Questions to D:
To C: 'And is there anything else that [name of the space of C] knows?'
To D: 'What kind of space is the space that lies outside of the [name of the space of C] between you and [name of B]?'You will by now have begun to emerge new knowledge from B, C and D, independent of the client at A's knowledge. You can now check how this has changed their experience by comparing it with the original statement at A.
To D: 'And is there anything else about that space?'
To D: 'And what does that [name of space D] know?'
To D: 'And is there anything else that [name of space D] knows?'
To A: 'And what do you know ... now from that space ... there?'
To A: 'And is there anything else that you also know from that space ... there?'
To A: I am going to ask you some questions that will ask you to find another space somewhere in the room or outside, which your intuition will guide you to and give you a different point of view.Wait until they move to the new space, which we shall refer to as A1, then ask:
To A: And what do you know ... now from that space ... there?
To A: 'And is there another space that you could go to that also knows about [the last thing they said] ?'
To A1: 'And what do you know from ... that space ... there?'You are downloading information into this space which will hold it so that neither you, the facilitator, nor A needs to remember all of the detail. It will network together spontaneously when you reach the sweet spot.
To A1: 'And is there anything else that you know from ... that space ... there?'
To A1: 'And is there another space?'
To A1: 'And is there another space that you could go to which also knows about [the last thing they said] ?'Wait until the client finds that space, which we shall call A2.
To A2: 'And what do you know from that space there?'Repeat the same questions until A reaches a space that has changed, resolved or reframed the relationship of A to B. If you are not sure about finishing, you can ask this question:
To A2: 'And is there anything else that you know from ... that space ... there?'
To A6-An: 'And is there another space that would like you to go to it before we begin the finish?'
© 2005, David Grove and Carol Wilson
is Honorary Vice President of the Association for Coaching and
experienced the value of a coaching culture at first hand while working
at board level for Richard Branson during the early years of Virgin.
Since becoming a coach 5 years ago, Carol has trained or supervised the
training of over 400 coaches in the public, corporate and private
sectors, is a keynote speaker, broadcaster and writer, has written a
guide to coaching called The Coaches' Handbook and was nominated for the AC Influence in Coaching Award 2004.
Carol has incorporated David Grove's methods into her coaching work since 2002, and was invited last year to partner David in defining his techniques into a Clean Coaching methodology, see the articles written with David Grove. For further information visit: www.carolwilson.co.uk, www.cultureatwork.net and www.cleancoaching.com or contact Carol on +44 (0)20 7927 6782 and firstname.lastname@example.org.
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