Article Categories
[ Show ] All [ Hide ]
Clean Language
Article Selections
[ Show ] All [ Hide ]
 


Publications that make use of David Grove's ideas

Below are three lists of publications that make use of David Grove's ideas:
David Grove 2003
1. Academic and professional publications and research
Authors A-L
Authors M-Z
2. Conference Presentations
3. Citations in academic and professional journals

I have also compiled lists of:
People engaged in clean-related research
Books/DVDs based on Grove's ideas
Bibliography of David Grove's publications
If you have anything to add please provide the reference via the contact form and I will gladly add it to the list. James Lawley, updated 5 March 2017.

1. Academic and professional publications and research - Authors A-L

Akbari, Mohsen (2013). Metaphors about EFL Teachers' Roles: A Case of Iranian Non-English-Major Students, International Journal of English Language & Translation Studies, Vol: 1, Issue: 2, July-September, 2013
Download: eltsjournal.org/pdf_files/Metaphors about EFL Teachers' Roles-A Case of Iranian Non-English-Major Students-Full Paper.pdf
This research used a methodology derived from Symbolic Modelling to identify ten kinds of metaphors used by Iranian Non-English-Major Students to describe 'English as a Foreign Language' (EFL) teachers. In order of commonality the metaphor-types were: a guide; a professional; a devil; an angel; a parent; a natural element; a machine; a creator; a wet blanket; and miscellaneous.

Barner, Robert (2008). The dark tower: Using visual metaphors to facilitate emotional expression during organizational change, Journal of Organizational Change Management, Vol. 21, Issue 1, pp. 120-137.
Download: emeraldinsight.com/doi/abs/10.1108/09534810810847075
Provides a descriptive case study showing how the construction of drawings as visual metaphors can help work groups “give voice” to their emotional reactions to organizational change events, and provide groups with a vehicle for interpreting and framing their experience of organizational change. Throughout the team’s discussion, the author attempted to be guided by each team’s unique perspective and personal interpretation of their drawings by the use of “clean language”.

Boyd, Kelly J. (2013). The Language of Equus: Exploring Equine-Assisted Psychotherapy (EAP) Using the Equine Assisted Growth and Learning Association (EAGALA) Model, submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Social Work, Smith College School for Social Work, Northampton, MA.
Download: dspace.smith.edu/bitstream/handle/11020/24188/Thesis - Kelly J Boyd - Final.pdf
Explores the professional insights, personal experiences and perspectives of equine-assisted psychotherapy mental health practitioners - many of whom mention their use of clean language.

Britten, David (2015). Felt sense and figurative space: Clients' metaphors for their experiences of coaching. International Journal of Evidence Based Coaching and Mentoring. Special Issue No. 9, June 2015 pp. 14-29.
Download: ijebcm.brookes.ac.uk/documents/special9-paper-02.pdf
This study examines coaching clients' metaphors for their experiences of coaching. The findings suggest that eliciting metaphors is an effective, though problematic, means of generating experientially-rich research material. [Harland 2012 and Lawley & Tompkins 2000 are discussed.]

Cairns-Lee, Heather (2013). The Inner World of Leaders, Why Metaphors for Leadership Matter, Developing Leaders, Executive Education in Practice, Issue 13, Oct 2013 pp. 27-33, IEDP.
Download from: iedp.com/magazine/2013issue13/index.html
The research is based on in-depth interviews with 30 people who hold positions of leadership in international businesses. The interviews are conducted using Clean Language and explore how leaders can become more aware of their inner mental models and the implications that result from them. This exploration surfaces and examines the naturally occurring metaphors and implicit theories held by leaders – the everyday images of what they think leadership is.

Cairns-Lee, Heather (2015). Images of Leadership Development From the Inside Out. Advances in Developing Human Resources, Volume 17, issue 3, pp.321-33.
Abstract: adh.sagepub.com/content/early/2015/06/04/1523422315587897.abstract
This article explores the subjective and symbolic reality of those in leadership roles to discover what leaders can learn about their leadership and its development from awareness of their own mental models. These models are illuminated by an exploration of leaders’ naturally occurring metaphors and implicit leadership theories (ILTs) using clean language to acknowledge experience exactly as described while minimizing external influence or interpretation.

Cairns-Lee, H. & Tosey P.C. (2014). Stepping Up, Stepping Back – Metaphors of Leadership. Presented at 15th International Conference on Human Resource Development Research and Practice across Europe. Theme “HRD: Reflecting upon the Past, Shaping the Future” 4-6 June, 2014, Edinburgh Napier University, Edinburgh, UK.
Download from: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/806942/
This working paper reports on a longitudinal inductive study that seeks to elicit and explore the naturally occurring metaphors and implicit leadership theories (ILT) used by leaders of business to describe their own leadership and development. The research comprises 30 leaders in international business and combines a novel research method using Clean Language to elicit and explore metaphors with drawings to depict the metaphorical landscapes and implicit leadership theories (ILT) described in the interviews.

Calderwood, Jackie (2011). Pervasive Media Arts: Participation, Practice and Well-Being, Institute of Creative Technologies, De Montfort University, Leicester.
Download: cleanlanguage.co.uk/articles/attachments/Calderwood-Pervasive_Media_Arts_Participation_Practice_Well-being.pdf
This paper introduces two arts-based action research doctoral projects that facilitate shared personal narratives discovered by walking in the landscape. One of the projects, Living Voices – a portable woodland walk featuring narratives from people who are living with the diagnosis of dementia – introduces the therapeutic approach of Clean Language within the recording process, and uses metaphor to elicit another layer of narrative, rich in textual imagery: each individual’s story is represented by a specific tree.

Calderwood, Jackie (2012). Pervasive Media, Commons and Connections: Research as Reflective Studio Practice at Banff, Reviews in Cultural Theory 2.3 Special Issue: On the Commons.

Cásková, Kateřina (2015). Sharing tacit knowledge of students with their training teacher. Pragmatism and Education. 2015. doi:15. muni.cz/research/publications/1301031
The aim of the research is to identify which factors facilitated the sharing of tacit knowledge between student teacher and training teacher, what brings sharing of tacit knowledge to student teacher, and what brings sharing of tacit knowledge to training teacher. It will be illustrated on data which are gained by in-depth interview that is inspired by method called 'clean language'. 

de Bryas, Sophie (2005). Modélisation symbolique : apprendre et transmettre (Etude ethnométhodologique),  Université Paris-VIII, DESS Ethnométhodologie et Informatique.

Divett, Diane R. T. (2004). Refocussing: The Development and Definition of the Theory and Its Therapeutic Practice with Critical Analysis and Illustrative Case Studies. PhD thesis, University of Auckland, School of Education, New Zealand.
Refocussing is a clinical approach which uses David Grove's Clean Language and his metaphor therapy  within the context of Christian theology.

Doyle, N., Tosey, P. & Walker, C. (2010). Systemic Modelling: Installing Coaching as a Catalyst for Organisational Learning, The Association for Management Education and Development – e-Organisations & People, Winter 2010, Vol. 17. No. 4
Download: Doyle-Tosey-Walker-Systemic-Modelling.pdf
We introduce the background to our organisational coaching process, Systemic Modelling, outlining where it comes from, how it works as a cornerstone of organisational development work and some practical examples. We present a case study with one corporate client to illustrate how it can be implemented, plus the results of our first evaluation. We use stories, metaphors and examples to track the shift in thinking of a group of senior managers from a silo-mentality, blame or defence culture to networking, collaboration and creativity. We conclude with a reflection on the whole process and the impact team coaching had on organisational learning.

Doyle, N. & McDowall, A (2015). Is coaching an effective adjustment for dyslexic adults?  
Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice, Published online: 25 Aug 2015. dx.doi.org/10.1080/17521882.2015.1065894
Includes some of the first peer-reviewed evidence for the effectiveness of coaching models such as ‘symbolic modelling’ that assist coachees in developing positive models of their experience. For example, the coaching question ‘When you are organised at your best, it’s like what’ (Walker, 2014) leads to a review of the scenarios and contexts in which the coachee can organise. The study involved 95 dyslexic coachees who, along with 41 line managers, provided independent ratings of work performance both before and after the coaching was conducted. The results showed a statistically significant improvement in the most common five areas of work performance selected by coachees and their managers in the introductory coaching session.

Flynn, Jim (2009) MSc thesis: An exploratory study on the use of metaphor on creative cognition, University of Leicester, School of Psychology.
Download: Flynn_Creative_Cognition_and_Clean_Language.pdf 
Results from this study broadly support the notion that Clean Language promotes creative cognition.

Groppel-Wegener, Alke (2015). Design Tasks Beyond the Studio. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference for Design Education Researchers. Volume 1 pp.93-108 Editors: Robin Vande Zande, Erik Bohemia & Ingvild Digranes.
Download: Groppel-Wegener_(2015)_Design_Tasks_Beyond_the_Studio.pdf
This paper presents a research project that investigates whether the design thinking and problem solving used in the studio can also improve students’ levels of academic literacy. Using the ‘Fishscale of Academicness’ that likens texts to fish and Lawley & Tompkins’ Symbolic Modelling process, students are asked to verbalise their understanding of what makes a source academic in group discussions and at the same time to physicalise them as a visual representation. This paper analyses the metaphors student groups developed and discovers that allowing students to design their own personalised (and visual) metaphors turned the abstract experience of analysing secondary sources into something more concrete.

Harrer, Sabine (2014). From loss and grief to game design working with the experience of bereaved mothers. CHIPlay 2014 - Participatory Design for Serious Game Design. br/>
Download: http://www.participatoryseriousgamedesign.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Harrer_V3.pdf
Draws on the work of Lakoff & Johnson [1980] and Lawley & Tompkins [2000] in a PhD project at the Austrian Academy of Sciences, University of Vienna, Austria to answer the questions: "How can the experience of loss and mourning be communicated through digital game design? How can the voices of grieving people be made tangible through game mechanics, rules, and game fiction?"

Hartley, Tamsin
(2012). Cutting Edge Metaphors, Journal of the Association of Surgeons of Great Britain and Ireland Number 37, September 2012, pp. 26-29.

Hyer, Lee & Brandsma, Jeffrey M (1997). EMDR Minus Eye Movements Equals Good Psychotherapy, Journal of Traumatic Stress, Vol. 10, No. 3, 1997, pp.515-522
Download: jimhopper.com/pdfs/hyerbrandsma1997.pdf
The "sixth psychotherapy principle" to apply to EMDR is clean language (p. 519).

Janssen SKH, Mol APJ, van Tatenhove JPM , Otter HS (2014). The role of knowledge in greening flood protection. Lessons from the Dutch case study future Afsluitdijk, Ocean & Coastal Management, Volume 95, July 2014, pp. 219–232. sciencedirect.com/science/journal/09645691/95
"The formal interviews had a semi-open character and were based on the clean language approach"

Just, Lara (2014). Why, when and how do qualified psychotherapists from a range of modalities make use of client-generated metaphors using Clean Language? A research thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements of Awaken School of Outcome Oriented Psychotherapies Ltd. for the Postgraduate Diploma in Outcome-oriented Psychotherapies, 16 December 2014.

Lawley J, Meyer M, Meese R, Sullivan W and Tosey P
(2010)
More than a Balancing Act?: 'Clean Language' as an innovative method for exploring work-life balance, October 2010, University of Surrey and Clean Change Company, ISBN: 978-1-84469-022-0. onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1467-8551.12042/abstract
Download: Clean_Language_WLB_final_report_October_2010.pdf
In this first funded research project to explore Clean Language, research partners, the Clean Change Company and the University of Surrey, collaborated to test the use of Clean Language as the principal research tool and  ‘discovery medium’ for exploring interviewees’ metaphors for ‘work-life balance’ (WLB). The purpose was three-fold: (1) To explore how Clean Language could generate insights into the experience of individual participants, and into understandings of the nature of WLB generally, through its capacity for eliciting participant-generated (autogenic) metaphors; (2) To test the application of Clean Language as a research methodology; (3) To pave the way for further research into, or utilising, Clean Language.

Lawley, James & Linder-Pelz, Susie (2016) Evidence of competency: exploring coach, coachee and expert evaluations of coaching, Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17521882.2016.1186706
Download a free preprint version: Lawley&Linder-Pelz_CIJTRP_preprint_03_May_2016.pdf
Competency-based coach training and assessment implies that coaching skills and effectiveness are closely related. But who is best placed to determine ‘effectiveness’? This paper reports on research that examined how closely the evaluations of coachees, expert-assessors and coaches correspond. The research used a novel multi-method approach to triangulation including Clean Language interviewing (CLI) to explore coachees’ experience and evaluation of coaching. Assessor and coachee evaluations of the same coaching session were often at variance, both in terms of descriptive evaluations and numerical ratings. This suggests that compliance – or not – to a coaching methodology does not necessarily guarantee coachee satisfaction. While coach and coachee ratings showed no clear differences, in every triad coaches rated their own coaching considerably better than did the assessor. Practical implications include the need for multiple sources of evidence to establish coach effectiveness and certification standards, the need for coaches to develop calibration skills so they can be more responsive to the coachees’ in-session evaluations, and the usefulness of CLI together with established tools in evaluation research.

Linder-Pelz, S. & Lawley, J. (2015) Using Clean Language to explore the subjectivity of coachees' experience and outcomes. International Coaching Psychology Review, 10(2):161-174 September 2015 ISSN: 1750-2764. http://shop.bps.org.uk/publications/publication-by-series/international-coaching-psychology-review/international-coaching-psychology-review-vol-10-no-2-september-2015.html
Download a free preprint version: Linder-Pelz_Lawley-ICPR_preprint_15_Jun_2015.pdf
This paper contributes methodologically and substantively to understanding how coachees experience and evaluate coaching. First, we explore the use of ‘Clean Language’ as a phenomenological approach to coaching research, including the eliciting and analysing of data into findings and insights for coaches and coach trainers. Second, we explore the nature of events, effects, evaluations and outcomes reported by six coachees after single coaching sessions.
The interviews elicited detailed information on many aspects of coaching without the interviewer introducing any topics. The transcribed interviews were analysed using a form of thematic analysis within a realist/essentialist paradigm (Braun & Clarke, 2006). Coachees emphasised the coaches’ style of repeating back, pacing, setting goals and questioning, maintaining the focus of the session, confronting and challenging, as well as their responsiveness (or lack of it). Increased self-awareness was mentioned by all coachees.

Lloyd, Jonathan
(2011) The Use of Metaphor in Counselling and Qualitative Research Interviews. Assignment three of a Professional Doctorate in Counselling, School of Education, Faculties of Humanities, University of Manchester.
Download: Lloyd-Metaphor_in_Counselling_and_Qualitative_Research_Interviews.pdf
The use of metaphor in therapy is relatively common, although its specific conscious use as seen in Grove’s work continues to be unknown in the counselling world. This paper has also highlighted the possible use of Clean Language and metaphors in the research domain to enhance the richness of resultant data. ... Rather than looking at the hermeneutics, the meaning of the text, I want to investigate how much meaning is created by the questions posed. ... The profound findings that Clean Language, focusing on memory and metaphor, can increase the resultant amount of meaning by a factor of five.

Lloyd, Jonathan (2015) The Therapeutic Use of Metaphor: A Heuristic Study. A thesis submitted to The University of Manchester for the degree of Professional Doctorate in the Faculty of Humanities.
Download: Lloyd2015-PhDthesis-TherapeuticUseofMetaphor.pdf
This research was designed to explore the experience and understanding of counsellors’ and psychotherapists’ engagement with metaphors in the therapeutic process. The aim is to reflect on the experience of therapists involved in therapeutic metaphors from differing perspectives. It appears that the use of metaphor in therapy is pervasive and offers an opportunity for therapeutic change. The consideration of the construction of metaphors and their mutual development may be useful for therapists to consider. This research highlights the need for more investigation with regard to client perspectives, the environmental impacts on metaphors in therapy and who the therapist and client stand for metaphorically for each other. [NB. Includes plenty of references to David Grove's work]


Continue Authors M-Z


James Lawley

James LawleyJames Lawley is a UKCP registered psychotherapist, coach in business, and certified NLP trainer, and professional modeller. He is a co-developer of Symbolic Modelling and co-author (with Penny Tompkins) of Metaphors in Mind: Transformation through Symbolic Modelling. For a more detailed  biography see about us and his blog.

 
Comments
  • Comment #1 (Posted by Caitlin Walker, trainingattention.co.uk 6 Jan 2017)

    Following research trails while writing about Clean Language Interviewing I've come across a few articles I hadn't seen before and in their references are links to others - all downloadable.

    DAVID GROVE’S METAPHOR THERAPY
    DAVID PINCUS Chapman University, Orange, California
    ANEES A. SHEIKH Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

    http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.2190/IC.30.3.d
     
Submit Comment
 »  Home  »  Applications  »  Research & Interviewing  »  Citations and Research
 »  Home  »  David Grove  »  About David Grove  »  Citations and Research
Article Options

Modelisation
Symbolique
et le
clean language

in
PARIS, FRANCE
with
James Lawley and
Penny Tompkins


16-18 June 2017



more info
in French
institut-repere.com

view all featured events