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3. Exercises

[Exercises 1 and 2 are taken from Vyvyan Evans and Melanie Green, Cognitive Linguistics: An Introduction, Edinburgh University Press, 2006, pp. 203 & 359-360]

Exercise 1   Consider the following sentences and identify the embodied schemas that serve as the source for these metaphors:

(a)    We need to weigh the arguments.
(b)    They’re in trouble.
(c)    The logic of her argument compelled me to change my mind.
(d)    Interest rates have gone up again.
(e)    It will prove to be heavy burden for the nation.

Exercise 2  Consider the following sentences featuring the English preposition through:

(a)    The relationship is through.
(b)    The tunnel through Vale Mountain was completed in the 1980s.
(c)    She did it through love.
(d)    The trip abroad was funded through the miscellaneous fund.
(e)    The ball whizzed through the hole in the net.
(f)     He looked through the window.
(g)    The relationship seemed to have evolved through the years.
(h)    The dog jumped through the hoop.
(i)     The skewer is through the meat.
(j)    The stream runs through the pasture.
(k)    The jogger ran through the tunnel.

Draw a schematic of the spatio-geometric properties of through for each of the above and identify which ones have the same embodied schema.

Exercise 3. Draw a schematic of your model of the following client words:

(a)    I’m driven to succeed.
(b)    I can’t overcome the barrier.
(c)    The faster I go the behinder I get.
(d)    I was knocked off course at a very early age.
(e)    The door of opportunity opened.
(f)    Pure determination enabled me to get on in life.
(g)    Her beauty drew me in against my will.

Exercise 4a. Identify the likely embodied schema inherent in the following client transcript:

 FACILITATOR: What has happened since last time?
 CLIENT: I felt more hopeful that the phobia will change but it just stays the same. I feel despairing about it. I desperately want it to be different but the phobia doesn't change. It doesn't budge. Living with it is exhausting, restrictive. It's difficult as I haven't had any respite. It seems to get worse.
 FACILITATOR: And is there anything else?
 CLIENT: I'm ok then I let my mind go. I don't stop it. I can't stop it. The phobia begins to descend and I let it come back in. I allow it to take me over. It makes me feel trapped. I feel angry that I let it be like this again. Then the anger just bursts out.
 FACILITATOR: And what would you like to have happen now?

What do you conclude is the key motif (i.e. the pattern of embodied schemas)?

Exercise 4b.  Use the embodied schemas identified in Exercise 4a to draw schematics (a model) of the forces and sequence of events described by the client.

[Our modelling of Exercises 3 & 4 is given below]

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